Worship in times of social distancing
How can churches keep the congregation alive in a time of physical isolation? The coronavirus crisis could be an invitation to rediscover worship services in the Catholic Church, to reflect on what a meaningful and irreplaceable worship service should look like.
Reopening places of worship after lockdown
German Catholics have had to bid farewell to Holy Mass during the nationwide lockdown since mid-March. Even after reopening churches, worship services can only be held under social distancing rules.  Furthermore, restrictions on all practices with a high risk of spreading the virus, such as communal singing and kissing objects, have been imposed as well.
Holy Mass under social distancing rules
According to the recommendations of the German Bishops’ Conference (DBK), the number of people allowed to attend a service depends on the size of church buildings. Members of the congregation must wear masks and bring their own hymn book, and faithful are required to maintain a safe distance of 1.5 meters. 
The eucharistic liturgy requires particular diligence. Besides the priest, no more than five people should participate in the liturgy layout. The concelebration will be excluded from the Holy Mass, as well as choirs and orchestras. No singing is allowed amid fears that it spreads the virus more easily in a closed room.  The host will be handed out with a plier or plastic gloves without the traditional proclamation (“The body of Christ” – “Amen”). Receiving Holy Communion on the tongue from the chalice is prohibited as well.
The problem with ‘liturgy light’
According to a survey on Holy Mass under social distancing rules conducted by the Pallottines after reopening churches, most believers still want to continue with online services until public services are accessible for all congregational members. 
Online services such as Scripture readings and daily prayer practices constitute an important part of the public prayer life. However, they must guide the faithful to the core and the highlight of worship services, namely the Eucharist.  This is the essential component of the Catholic belief and gives the faithful the message that God is in their midst. In addition, online Holy Mass can only be considered as a symbol for the on-the-spot Eucharist in times of physical isolation. The internalisation of Christ’s offering through the eating and drinking of sacred species needs to take place in real life.
The question of whether the Eucharist has become more valued in the church due to its short-term absence cannot be answered. However, one thing is clear: the coronavirus crisis has generated the interest of faithful regarding the meaning of Holy Communion. This pandemic could be an invitation to rediscover worship services in the Catholic Church, to reflect on the missing liveliness of the Eucharist, and to ponder what a meaningful and irreplaceable worship service should look like.
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